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Índice temático: Escuadrones de la RAF y la Commonwealth

Índice temático: Escuadrones de la RAF y la Commonwealth


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1-99: escuadrones regulares de la RAF
100-200: escuadrones regulares de la RAF
201-299: Escuadrones regulares de la RAF, en su mayoría unidades originalmente RNAS
300-361: escuadrones de la RAF tripulados por pilotos de países ocupados
400-443: Real Fuerza Aérea Canadiense
450-467: Real Fuerza Aérea Australiana
485-490: Real Fuerza Aérea de Nueva Zelanda
Fuerza Aérea India
Fuerza Aérea Sudafricana
500-599: Originalmente Reserva Especial, luego Auxiliar de la Fuerza Aérea
600-699: Primero dieciséis para la Fuerza Aérea Auxiliar, luego usados ​​para nuevos escuadrones formados durante la guerra.
700-799: Segunda línea de Fleet Air Arm y vuelos de catapulta y escuadrones
800-899: escuadrones de primera línea del Fleet Air Arm
900-999: escuadrones de bombardeo de globos
1700-1853: Fleet Air Arm

Núm. 1-99 RAF - Núm. 100-200 RAF - Núm. 201-299 RAF - Núm. 300361 RAF - RCAF - RAAF - RNZAF - IAF - SAAF - Núm. 500-599 RAF - Núm. 600-699 RAF - Núm. 700-799 FAA - Núm. 800-899 FAA - Núm. 900-999 Escuadrones de bombardeo de globos - Núm. 1700-1863 FAA


Fuerza Aérea Royal

Los voluntarios de Terranova y Labrador murieron a un ritmo más alto mientras servían en la Royal Air Force (RAF) que en cualquier otra rama de las Fuerzas Armadas Británicas durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Quizás sea una suerte que la RAF reclutó considerablemente menos Terranova y Labradorianos que la Royal Navy o la Artillería. De los 713 que se alistaron, alrededor del 20 por ciento murió antes de que terminaran las hostilidades.

El servicio con la RAF, sin embargo, fue tan variado como peligroso, y los reclutas de Terranova y Labrador trabajaron en todo el mundo en numerosos roles y ndash patrullaron el océano en busca de embarcaciones enemigas, llevaron a cabo ataques aéreos sobre territorios controlados por el Eje, defendieron Gran Bretaña. del ataque aéreo, y trabajó como mecánicos, electricistas y otros trabajadores con cuadrillas de tierra. Muchos también sirvieron en una unidad que la RAF nombró por su país y el Escuadrón No. 125 (Terranova).


La Asociación de la Fuerza Aérea de Canadá ha actualizado amablemente el siguientes asociaciones de escuadrones de la RCAF / Fuerza Aérea Canadiense: -

Asociación de Escuadrones 400 (Ciudad de Toronto): 400 (TH) Squadron, Box 1000, Stn Main, CFB Borden, Ontario L0M 1C0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/400_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

401 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Ram' (Ciudad de Westmount) inactivo [AFAC 0405]

402 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Winnipeg Bear' (Ciudad de Winnipeg) Sr. Ross Innes, 102 4th Avenue W, Box 303, Battleford, SK, S0M 0E0 [AFAC 0405] o
R Richards, S45, River Ridge, C75, RR # 2, Penticton, BC V2A 6J7 o
Sr. Jim Bell, 819 Ashburn Street, Winnipeg, MB, R3G 3C8: jbell AT gatewest.net
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/402_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

403 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Wolf' (Ciudad de Calgary) George Jennings, 127 Wing Association, Box 194, Central Butte, SK, S0H 0T0:
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/403_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

404 Asociación de escuadrones 'Buffalo' Col Herb Smale (Retd), 14 Wing Greenwood, Box 5000, Stn Main Forces, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
404 Sqn Historiador: Craig Chislett: chislett EN sympatico.ns.ca
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/404_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

405 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Eagle' (Ciudad de Vancouver) Presidente: Fred Davies, 38 Shawford Cres, Scarborough, Ontario M1G 1V8
Sra. Irene Bradley, 11541 - 96A Avenue, Surrey, BC, V3V 1Z9
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/405_e.cfm
Historiador
: Glenn Merrifield, 7387 Montecito Dr, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1R4 [AFAC 0405]

405 Squadron RCAF Association (Reino Unido) Lorna W Hayes, 13 Woodland Way, Petts Wood, Kent BR5 1NB: [BCA 4/99]

406 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Lynx' (Ciudad de Saskatoon) 406 (MR) Squadron, 12 Wing Shearwater, Halifax County, NS, B0J 3A0
o Horace Macaulay, 17 Dayton Cres, Nepean, ON, K2H 7N8, Tel 613828 7460: horace.macaulay AT sympatico.ca
o Bill Boak, 91 Pentland Place, Kanata, ON, K2K 1V9
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/406_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

407 Asociación del Escuadrón 'Demonio' Mr G White, 869 Chapman Blvd, Ottawa, ON, K1E 1V1
J Kim Abbott, RR # 2, Balderson, EN K0G 1A0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/19wing/squadron/407_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

408 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Goose' (Ciudad de Kingsville) Mr R Fader, Box 10500, Stn Forces, CFB Edmonton, AB T5J 4J5.
presidente nacional AT forfreedom.ca
sitio http://www.forfreedom.ca [AFAC 0405]

409 Asociación de escuadrones 'Nighthawk' inactivo [AFAC 0405]

410 'Cougar' (Ciudad de Saint John) Asociación de Escuadrones 410 (TFOT) Squadron, 4 Wing Cold Lake, Box 6550, Stn Forces, Cold Lake, AB, T9M 2C6 o
David Adlam, 6518 Bunker Rd, Manotick, EN K4M 1B3
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/410_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

Asociación de Escuadrones 411 'Grizzly Bear' (Ciudad de North York) Mr R J Richardson, 45 Hawksbury Drive, Toronto, ON, M2K 1M4: tel 416225 1533: también Mr Delmar Cullen, 30 Borron Ave, # 206, Sault Ste Marie, ON P6B 1E6: MyrtleV AT soonet.ca
Sitio de CAF http://www.airforce.forces.ca/hist/411sqn_e.htm [AFAC 0204]

412 Asociación de escuadrones 'Falcon' Escuadrón 412, 58 Service Road, Aeropuerto McDonald Cartier, Gloucester, ON, K1V 7B2 [AFAC 0405]

413 Asociación RCAF Escuadrón 'Tusker' Escuadrón 413 (T & ampR), 14 Wing Greenwood, Box 5000, Fuerzas principales de Stn, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/14wing/squadron/413_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

414 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Sarnia Imperials' (Ciudad de Sarnia) Sr. Ron Stover rstover en sympatico.co
sitio http: // www.rcaf.com/squadrons/400series/414squadron.php [FWH0707]

415 Asociación RCAF Escuadrón 'Pez Espada' - ver Eastmoor Family y 404 Squadron
www.415sqn.com [FWH1007]

Asociación de Escuadrones 416 (Ciudad de Oshawa) Sr. J Haycock, 4038 Bridlepath Trail, Mississauga, ON, L5L 3E9 o
Sr. G Jennings, 127 Wing Association, Box 194, Central Butte, SK, S0H 0T0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/416_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

Asociación de Escuadrones 417 (Ciudad de Windsor) Sr. N Malayney, 305 Central, Kamsask, SK, S0A 1S0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/417_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

Asociación de Escuadrones 418 (Ciudad de Edmonton) Presidente FA Johnson, TedMar Farm, RR # 4, Stirling, ON K0K 3E0, teléfono 613395 3990
Mr R B Irwin, 4105 - 2829 Arbutus Road, Victoria, BC, V8N 5X5 [AFAC 0405]

419 'Alce' (Ciudad de Kamloops) Asociación de escuadrones Historiador: Vincent Elmer, 691 20th Street West, Prince Albert, SK, S6V 4H4 - ver también RAF Middleton St George
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/419_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

420 Asociación de escuadrones 'Snowy Owl' (Ciudad de Londres) - ver RAF Middleton St George [FWH0607]

421 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Indios Rojos' - ver Escuadrón 403
sitio http://www3.sympatico.ca/angels_eight/index.html [AFAC 0405]

422 'Piloto volador' Asociación de escuadrones Sr. H Kerrison, 43 Rue Chamonix Est, Cantley, QC, J8V 3B2: berry EN infonet.ca
o Secretaria: Sra. Jean Doern, 178 Lockwood Street, Winnipeg, MB, R3N 1R8
sitio http://www.georgian.net/422sqdrn/ [AFAC 0405]

423 Asociación de escuadrones del 'águila calva' - Escuadrón 423, Shearwater de 12 alas, Box 5000, Stn Main, Shearwater, NS B0J 3A0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/423_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

423 Squadron RCAF Association (Reino Unido) J Wright, 40 Cae Mair, Beaumaris, Gwynedd, Gales LL58 8YN
sitio: www.rquirk.com [AA AUT2000]

424 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Tigre' (Ciudad de Hamilton)
Sr. W R Nicolle, 4390 Rumble Street, Burnaby, BC, V5J 2A1
www.rcaf424.ca [FWH1113]

425 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Alouette' (Ciudad de Quebec) Presidente: Sr.P Bourdages, 7 Rose-des-Cedres, Boisbriand, QC, CANADÁ, J7G 1N8 - ver también 6 Group Bomber Command Association
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/3wing/squadron/425_e.html [AFAC 0405]

426 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Thunderbird' (Ciudad de Regina) Larry Motiuk, 39 Higwood Drive, Ottawa, ON, larmot K2E 5K9 AT sympatico.ca
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadron/426hist_e.asp [AFAC 0405]

426 Escuadrón (Reino Unido) Len Pratt, 3 Parkfield Road, Taunton, Somerset TA1 4RL: tel. 01823025 2343 [FWH0405]

427 Asociación de escuadrones 'León' Al d'Eon, 22 Broadlands Blvd, Don Mills, ON, M3A 1J2 [AFAC 0405]

427 Escuadrón 'León' (Reino Unido) Len Pratt, 3 Parkfield Road, Taunton, Somerset TA1 4RL: tel. 01823025 2343 [FWH0405]

428 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Fantasmas' - ver RAF Middleton St George [FWH0607]

429 Asociación del Escuadrón 'Bisonte' 429 (T) Squadron, 8 Wing Trenton, Box 1000, Stn Forces, Astra, ON, K0K 1B0: o Greg Kopchuk, 13216 - 116th Street, Edmonton, AB T5E 5H7: gkopchuk AT yahoo.com
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadrpn/429_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

Asociación de Escuadrones 430 'Silver Falcon' (Ciudad de Sudbury) Escuadrón 430 (TH), CFB Valcartier, Box 1000, Fuerzas Stn, Courcelette, QC, G0A 4Z0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/1wing/squadron/430_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

431 'Iroquois' (Pueblo de Simcoe) Asociación de escuadrones Sr. W Baluk, RR2, Colbourne, ON, K0K 1S0: kblazer AT eagle.ca
o 431 (AD) Squadron, 15 Wing Moose Jaw, Box 5000, Stn Forces, Moose Jaw, SK, S6H 7Z8: sitio http://www.moosejaw.dnd.ca/ [AFAC 0405]

432 Asociación de escuadrones 'Leaside' (Ciudad de Leaside) Sr. J Wright, 127 Burndale Ave, Willowdale, ON, M2N 1S8 - ver también 'Familia Eastmoor [AFAC 0405]
432 sitio personal: http://www.angelfire.com/ca/gcarruth/Ops.html [FWH0907]

433 Asociación RCAF Escuadrón 'Puercoespín' Mr J F Descent, 161 Third Avenue, Arnprior, K7S 1Z1
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/3wing/squadron/433_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

434 Asociación de escuadrones 'Bluenose' Mr W V Dumas, 14 Wing Greenwood, Box 5000, Fuerzas principales de Stn, Greenwood, NS, B0P 1N0
sitio personal http://www.telusplanet.net/public/dickieb/harry/ [FWH1007]
http://www.shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/squadrons/434sqn.htm [AFAC 0405]

435 Asociación de escuadrones 'Chinthe' Presidente: Arthur Adams, Box 403, Stn B, Etobicoke, ON, M9W 5L4 [AFAC 10/00]
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/435_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

436 Asociación de escuadrones de elefantes - ver 435 Sqn [AFAC 0405]

437 Asociación de escuadrones 'Husky' 437 Squadron, CFB Trenton / 8 Wing, Box 1000, Fuerzas Stn, Astra, ON, K0K 1B0
o John E Milne, 96 Irma Court, Ancaster, ON, L9G 1K7
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/8wing/squadron/437_e.html [AFAC 10405]

438 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Wildcat' (Ciudad de Montreal) Andrés Lord, 15 - 7315 rue Chauvin, St Hubert, QC, J3Y 6K2
I Stuart, 6432 Laurentian Way SW, Calgary, AB T3N 5N1 [AFAC 0405]

439 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Tigre Diente de Sable' (Ciudad de Westmount) 439 (CS) Squadron, MWO MT Melnick, 3 Wing Bagotville, Alouette, QC, G0V 1A0: toocon AT hotmail.com [AFAC 0405]

440 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Beaver' (Ciudad de Ottawa) Sr. HJ Hardy, 4566 Portland St, Burnaby, BC V5J 2N9
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/17wing/squadron/440_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

441 Asociación del Escuadrón 'Silver Fox' Sr. JC Copeland, 816 Iroquois Road, Ottawa, ON, K2A 3N2
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/4wing/squadron/441_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

442 Asociación de Escuadrones 'Caribou' (Ciudad de Vancouver) Escuadrón 442, Ala 19, Comox, Caja 1000, Fuerzas Stn, Lazo, BC, V0R 2K0
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/19wing/squadron/442_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

443 Asociación de escuadrones 'Tigre' - ver 403 Sqn
sitio http://www.airforce.forces.ca/12wing/squadron/443_e.cfm [AFAC 0405]

formado después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial

444 Asociación de escuadrones 'Cobra' 444 (CS) Squadron, 5 Wing Goose Bay, Goose Airport Station A, Goose Bay, NF, A0P 1S0
Sitio del ala 5 http://www.airforce.forces.ca/5wing/squadron/444_e.asp [AFAC 0405]

445 Asociación de escuadrones 'Wolverine' Mr D J Deakin, 731 Brent Road, Comox, BC, V9M 3V9: deak en island.net
sitio www.geocities.com/445squadron [AFA 0405]

446-449 Asociaciones de escuadrones - no conocido [AFAC 0405]

450 Escuadrón RAAF Association Incorporated: Secretaria / Editora Sandi Nipperess, 13 Bulwara Place, BOLTON POINT NSW 2283: tel 02 4959 9979: secretaria AT 450squadron.org.au
www.450squadron.org.au [FWH0307]

Escuadrón 451: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 452/457 RAAF - ver 54 Escuadrón

Escuadrón 453: Asociación desconocida

454/459 escuadrones RAAF el difunto Bryan Rostron fue el contacto en el Reino Unido: ¿alguien lo ha reemplazado? [FWH0620]
https://www.454-459squadrons.org.au/

Escuadrón 455 RAAF: Asociación desconocida

458 Squadron RAAF Association Edwin Jewell, Secretario - 61 Wyeree Rd, Mandurah, Australia Occidental 6210 [FWH0905]

Asociación de Escuadrones 460 (RAAF)
Australia: 6 Valewood Crescent, Mansfield NSW 2122, Australia
Reino Unido
: P Gibby, 10 Rydal Drive, Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN4 9ST: tel. 01892 522231 [FP 1200]
sitios: http://home.st.net.au/

dunn / 460sqdn.htm [FWH 0204]
http://www.gordonstooke.com/460squadron [FWH 0403]

Escuadrón 461 - ver Escuadrón 10 [AA 10/00]

Escuadrón 462: ver Escuadrón 460: sitio http://www.awm.gov.au/units/unit_11167.asp [FWH 0204]
Sitio de la Sociedad de Apreciación de Halifax - Escuadrones 462, 466 http://www.halifaxbomber.com/ [FWH 0602]
sitio personal http://www.ovomalley.com/ [FWH 0204]

Escuadrón 463: ver 467-463 Escuadrones de Lancaster

Escuadrón 464: Asociación desconocida

Asociación de Escuadrones 466 (RAAF) Secretario: Stan Parker, 84 Grove Road, Benfleet, Essex, SS7 1JJ [RWD]
Sitio de la Sociedad de Apreciación de Halifax - Escuadrones 462, 466 http://www.halifaxbomber.com/ [FWH 0602]

467/463 RAAF Lancaster Squadrons Association UK Branch Secretario: J Skeet, 22c Belgravia Rd, Onchan, Douglas, IM3 1HH, Isla de Man: tel 01624 614389: jillskeetATmanx.net [FWH 1117]

467/463 Asociación de Escuadrones RAAF información esperada en la sucursal de Queensland
Blog australiano https://www.facebook.com/463467-Lancaster-RAAF-Squadrons-130200603783086/ [FWH 0817]

467/463 escuadrones RAAF Sitio archivado de Peter Johnson: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/25490/20100110-0004/www.467463raafsquadrons.com/L01Pgs/contents.html [FWH 1117]

Asociación de Escuadrones 485 (NZ) Len Jordan, 2 Orchard Way, Roade, Northampton NN7 2PN [FP 0598 actualizado]

Escuadrón 486 al Escuadrón 488: Asociación - no conocida

489 Escuadrón de Bombarderos Torpedo RNZAF: Comuníquese en 434/21 Fairview Ave, Fairview Heights, Albany, North Shore 0632, Nueva Zelanda
Asociación de escuadrón 489 en gmail.com
sitio web https://sites.google.com/site/no489squadronassociation/489-squadron-history
Historial de guerra de 300 páginas publicado en febrero de 2007 [FWH0815]

490 (NZ) Contacto del escuadrón Gordon Webb 18 Seymour Rd Gisborne Nueva Zelanda: tel (06) 8676065 spiderw AT xtra.co.nz [FWH0312]

Asociación de Viejos Camaradas del Escuadrón 500 (Condado de Kent) Harry Hutchings, 'Sinoia', Ship Street, East Grinstead, West Sussex RH19 4EE [FWH0109]

Asociación de Escuadrones 501 (Condado de Gloucester)
Presidente: Ken Kerslake, 145 Wellington Hill West, Henleaze, Bristol, BS9 4QS
Secretario: A Cooper, 6 Larch Drive, Gallaghers 'Copse, Andover, SP10 3DE: 01264 333410
a.cooper9 EN btinternet.com

Asociación de Escuadrones 502 (Ulster) - ver la página Alas / Comandos - Escuadrones de Halifax del Comando Costero

Escuadrón 503 (Condado de Lincoln) - La asociación ya no existe: punto de contacto - J E Bury, 25 Church Path, Emsworth, Hampshire PO10 7DP [FWH 0806]

Asociación de escuadrones 504 (Condado de Nottingham): Oficial al mando, Escuadrón No 504 (Condado de Nottingham) RAuxAF, RAF Wittering, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire PE9 6HE [FWH0716]

Escuadrón 510 al Escuadrón 513: Asociación desconocida

Asociación de Escuadrones 514: Clive Hill, PO Box 15084, Birmingham B35 9DE, West Midlands: raf514assn AT btinternet.com
El contacto canadiense para el Escuadrón 514 de la RAF es Wendy Flemming: deno11 AT shaw.ca
Sitio web del tributo 514 Sqn http://freespace.virgin.net/tracy.triumph/Info.html [FWH 0610]

Asociación de Escuadrones 515 El Sr. Bill Bridgman ya no parece estar activo [FWH 02/21]

Escuadrón 516 - ninguna asociación, pero Phil Jones proporciona un punto de información: Phil Jones, 11 Tan y Fron, Crossgates, Llandrindod Wells, Powys LD1 6RP: 01597 851412:
Phillip.c.jones EN btinternet.com
ver también: http://www.combinedops.com/516%20Att%20Sqdns.htm [FWH1010]

517/518/519/520 escuadrones Peter Rackliff murió en mayo de 2019. https://peter-rackliff.muchloved.com/
Incluso los pájaros caminaban: la historia del reconocimiento meteorológico en tiempos de guerra Kington, John A. Rackliff, Peter G. (Tempus, 2000)
Si hay un nuevo contacto, avise. [FWH0120]

521 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 524 al Escuadrón 529: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 530 a Escuadrón 539 (Los Escuadrones Turbinlite): Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 540 a Escuadrón 541: Asociación desconocida

Registro del Escuadrón 542: Tony Regan, 25 Lydgates Rd, Seaton, Devon EX12 2BX: tel 01297 20376 o 20280: Turbo542 AT aol.com [FWH 0302]

Asociación de Tripulaciones Aéreas del Escuadrón 543: http://www.543sqn.org.uk/ [FWH 0717]

544 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

547 Escuadrón (Club del martín pescador) 547 Sqn Coastal Command J A Peck, 47 St Cuthbert St, Wells, Somerset: tel 01749 675789 [INT SPR05]

548 Escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

549 Escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 550 y Asociación de la RAF North Killingholme http://550squadron.wordpress.com/
www.550squadronassociation.org.uk/ Mike Leeman, Three Trees, Church Lane, North Killingholme, Immingham, North Lincolnshire DN40 3JH [FWH0310]

Escuadrón 567: Asociación: no conocida

Escuadrón 570: Asociación no conocida: ver Grupo 38

571 Escuadrón de Mosquitos: Frank Diamond DFC AE, Honeycourt, Palmers Lane, Aylsham, Norwich, Norfolk, NR11 6JA: tel 01263 731063 [INT AUT99 corregido]

575 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

576 escuadrón - ver a través de http://www.raffiskertonairfield.co.uk./ [FWH1016]

577 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

578 Asociación de Escuadrones (también RAF Burn) Secretario Grp Capt Des Hollis RAF (Retd), Butterfield Lodge, Convent Road, Sidmouth, Devon EX10 8RB: 01395 572822: hollisd AT tinyonline.co.uk [INT W02]

582 Asociación de escuadrones - ver 109 Escuadrón

Escuadrón 587: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 595: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 597 - ver Escuadrón 569: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 598: Asociación desconocida

Asociación de Escuadrones 600 (Ciudad de Londres) - Andy Cameron, 53 Telford Crescent, Woodley, Reading, Berks, RG5 4QT therightoftheline600-newsletterATyahoo.co.uk [FWH0515]

601 (Condado de Londres) Asociación de Escuadrones - ver Asociación de Escuadrones 600 (Ciudad de Londres) [FWH0515]

Asociación de Escuadrones 602 (Ciudad de Glasgow) [FWH 02/01] Roddy MacGregor, 3 Hebrides Grove, Kip Marina Village, Inverkip, Inverclyde PA16 0BQ: 01475 529484:
roddyhonsec EN onetel.com [FWH 0906]

Escuadrón 603 (Ciudad de Edimburgo) Asociación Presidente Sqn Ldr Bruce Blanche RAuxAF (Ret), Tara, Laighill Place, Dunblane, Perthshire FK15 0BJ: 01786 823875: fax 01786 824655: blanche AT blanche.co.uk
Secretario Sr. James Renwick, 16 Saughton Mains Street, Edimburgo EH11 3HF: 0131443 5794
Bruce Blanche es también el historiador y archivero oficial de RAuxAF [FWH0906]

604 (Condado de Middlesex) Asociación de escuadrones - ver Asociación de Escuadrones 600 (Ciudad de Londres) [FWH0515]

Asociación de Escuadrones 605 (Condado de Warwick) se disolvió el 31 de diciembre de 2006. El historiador "605" Ian Piper 07811 450158 continúa como el punto de contacto mantiene http://www.605squadron.co.uk/ [FWH0607]

607 (Condado de Durham) Asociación de Escuadrones Hon. Secretario: Alan G Parkes, 6 Elizabeth Road, Walsall, West Midlands WS5 3PF [FWH1111]

608 (North Riding of Yorkshire) Asociación de escuadrones - cree que ya no existe, ¿hay un contacto de información?

609 (West Riding of Yorkshire) Asociación de escuadrones Hugh Mulligan, 44 Carisbrooke Crescent, Etherley Dene, Bishop Auckland, Co. Durham DL14 0RW: tel 01388 607007: mullihm AT hotmail.com [FWH 0906]
sitio http://www.609wrsquadron.co.uk/

610 (Condado de Chester) Asociación de escuadrones 7, Lawn Drive, Upton, Chester, CH2 1ER http://www.610squadron.com/ [FWH0109]

Escuadrón 611 (West Lancashire) solo información: K Reeves, 34 Digby Drive, Greasby, Wirral, Merseyside, L49 1RF [FWH 1004]

612 (Condado de Aberdeen) Asociación de escuadrones - pendiente de actualización

613 (Ciudad de Manchester) Asociación de escuadrones Terry Holden, 9 Vale Road, Wilmslow, Cheshire SK9 5QA: tel. 01625 524294 [INT SUM04]

614 (Condado de Glamorgan) Asociación de escuadrones disuelto 2004: póngase en contacto con Mr D J Park, 5 Saffrons Drive, St Mellons, Cardiff
CF3 0NH [FWH0109]

615 (Condado de Surrey) Asociación de escuadrones Hon Secretario: E W "Bill" Bailey, 43 Juniper Close, Guildford, Surrey GU1 1NX: tel 01483 571502 [FWH1004]

616 (South Yorkshire) Asociación de escuadrones Eric J Browne, 6 Tatenhall Gardens, Cantley Acres, Doncaster DN4 6TL: tel 01302 539650 [FWH1004]
un sitio http://homepages.force9.net/turner/
un sitio http://www.redtwo.demon.co.uk/616/Welcomehist.htm

Asociación de Escuadrones 617 Secretario Chris Henderson, Springfield Farm, Old Church Lane, Pateley Bridge, Harrogate HG3 5LY apresmoiATbtinternet.com
Historiador oficial Dr. Robert M Owen, 3 The Quadrangle, Welwyn Garden City, AL8 6SG: apresmoiATbtinternet.com
para el sitio web de 617 Sqn, actualmente consulte RAF Marham [FWH0618]

Escuadrón 618: un punto de contacto: Alan Mudge, Hawarden, Golden Gym, Pentney, KINGS LYNN, Norfolk PE32 1JF: 01760 337514: bombhead40ATaol.com [FWH0312]

Asociación de Escuadrones 619 J L Whiteley, 16 Lightwood Close, Knowle, Solihull, West Midlands, B93 9LS: tel 01564 773872 [BCA 4/99 actualizado]

Registro del Escuadrón 620 Flt Lt A T Gamble RAF (Retd) 31 Fairfields, St Ives, Cambridgeshire PE27 5QG: tel 01480 464212 [FWH 02/01]: véase también 38 Group

Escuadrón 621: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 622 - ver Registro Mildenhall [FWH1010]

Escuadrón 623 Investigar Blog de Steve Smith http://623squadron.wordpress.com/

Asociación de Escuadrones 624: Flt Lt Dover, 4624 (Condado de Oxford), Escuadrón de Movimientos, RAF Brize Norton, Carterton, Oxfordshire: 624 Sqn site http://www.624squadron.org/ [FWH 02/01]

625 Squadron RAF Memorial Association Hon Sec: Nic Lewis, 2 Eyebury Cottages, Eyebury Road, Eye, Peterborough PE6 7TH: 01733 223111: sec AT 625squadron.org [FWH0309]

Escuadrón 626 - Anne Law, curadora, Colección conmemorativa de la RAF Wickenby, Aeródromo de Wickenby, Nr Langworth, Lincoln, LN3 5AX: 01673 885000: rafwmmAThotmail.com: www.rafwmm.flyer.co.uk [FWH 1112]

Escuadrón 627 en retiro Chris Webb, 25 Squirrels Heath Avenue, Gidea Park, Romford, Essex, RM2 6AD: tel 01708 725260: sitio http://www.627squadron.co.uk/: correo electrónico (Alan Hunter) dave AT eastwestworld.co.uk [FWH 0307]

Escuadrón 628: Asociación desconocida

Asociación del Escuadrón 630 - ver 57 Escuadrón

631 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

Escuadrón 635 - ver 35 Escuadrón

639 escuadrón: Asociación desconocida

Asociación de escuadrones 640 Archivo Mike Wood, 4 Station Road, Foggathorpe, Selby, Yorkshire YO8 6PT [FWH 02/01]

644 escuadrón: sitio http://www.644squadron.com/ [del sitio de AFAC 08/00]: véase también el Grupo 38

Escuadrón 650: consultas de investigación - Glynn Griffith RAF Millom Museum, Bankside Estate, Haverigg, Millom, Cumbria LA18 4NA: 01229 770340 correo electrónico: curador AT rafmillom.co.uk

Escuadrones AOP - ver también el Asociación de Oficiales de Postes de Observación Aérea en otros'

Escuadrón 651 AOP al Escuadrón 655 AOP: Asociación desconocida

656 Asociación de Escuadrones Andrew Simkins OBE, The Sanctuary, 5 Court Farm Close, Winsham, Chard, Somerset. TA20 4JY. Tel: 07866-054196: ajnsimkins AT hotmail.co.uk: sitio: www.656squadron.org [FWH0914]

Escuadrón 657 AOP al 666 Escuadrón AOP: Asociación no conocida: para el sitio 663 Sqn, consulte 300 Sqn

Escuadrón 667: Asociación desconocida


Explicación de los números del escuadrón de aviones del Reino Unido

¿Alguna vez se ha preguntado cómo se desarrolló el sistema de numeración de escuadrones de aviones del Reino Unido? Aquí hay una breve explicación de cómo se situó al final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial pero, debido a la naturaleza de la investigación, algunos escuadrones enumerados pueden haberse formado después de la guerra, como 361 sqn y, cuando se conoce, esto se indica. Esta no es una guía definitiva, sino un punto de partida si desea explorar más.

El término escuadrón ha sido utilizado por la Royal Navy y el ejército para referirse a una unidad de hombres o equipo, por ejemplo, puede tener un escuadrón de destructores navales o el escuadrón de botes especiales. La RAF también lo usa para denotar unidades terrestres, es decir, unidades del regimiento de la RAF, escuadrones de eliminación de bombas o unidades del Cuerpo de Entrenamiento Aéreo (el movimiento juvenil de la RAF), mi local es el escuadrón 1101.

Breve historia

La aviación militar comenzó con los globos de observación del ejército británico en el siglo XIX. La primera unidad de vuelo completo se formó en 1911 como el Batallón Aéreo de los Ingenieros Reales. En 1912, el Batallón se expandió al Ala Militar del Royal Flying Corps. El 1 de abril de 1918, el Royal Flying Corps se fusionó con el Royal Naval Air Service para formar la Royal Air Force, la fuerza aérea independiente más antigua del mundo.

1-149 escuadrones se formaron a partir de escuadrones RFC, algunos de estos se formaron durante los últimos meses de la Primera Guerra Mundial y estaban funcionando pero nunca estuvieron operativos antes del Armisticio, por ejemplo, los escuadrones 129 y 136, pero entraron en funcionamiento durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

201 - 217 escuadrones fueron numerados de los escuadrones RNAS que operaban en Francia durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, el resto de este bloque 200 se formó a partir de varios vuelos RNAS, por lo que la numeración no es tan consistente como con los escuadrones RFC.

En 1924 se formó el Fleet Air Arm de la Royal Air Force para volar aviones de los barcos de la Royal Navy, pero el avión permaneció bajo el control directo de la RAF hasta el 23 de mayo de 1939, cuando el Almirantazgo finalmente recuperó el control total. El Cuerpo Aéreo del Ejército se formó en 1942 y finalmente tomó los números de su escuadrón de la RAF.

Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la RAF tenía escuadrones de la serie 300 formados por tripulaciones aéreas extranjeras de la Europa ocupada, polacos, checos, franceses, holandeses, belgas, griegos, yugoslavos y noruegos. La tripulación aérea de la Commonwealth (Empire) formó escuadrones de la serie 400 como resultado del artículo XV del Plan de Entrenamiento Aéreo de la Commonwealth. Después de la guerra, muchos de estos números se tomaron como base para formar escuadrones de sus propias fuerzas aéreas nacionales, algunos todavía están en uso hoy. El escuadrón 75 se formó como una unidad de la RAF conocida como Nueva Zelanda y tripulado por muchos neozelandeses, después de la guerra fue transferido a la RNZAF como una unidad completa, la única fuera de la serie 300/400 que realmente lo hizo. La última vez que voló A4 Skyhawks y ahora se deja solo en el nombre.

La excepción a este sistema de numeración fueron los escuadrones Eagle, 71, 121 y 123, formados por voluntarios estadounidenses que, en lugar de viajar a Canadá y unirse a la RCAF, como lo hicieron muchos de sus compatriotas, vinieron directamente al Reino Unido, algunos originalmente querían luchar por Finlandia. contra la Rusia soviética. Finalmente fueron transferidos a la 8ª Fuerza Aérea de EE. UU. En 1943 y se convirtieron en los escuadrones de caza 334, 335 y 336 del 4º Grupo de Combate. El escuadrón 164 también fue una excepción al estar tripulado por voluntarios de Argentina, que tenía una gran población de expatriados.

Una gran cantidad de escuadrones también tenían nombres además de números, por ejemplo, 610sqn es el condado de Chester, este es un escuadrón de la RAuxAF que lleva el nombre del área con la que operaba y criaba a sus hombres. Otros escuadrones tenían nombres con respecto a los esfuerzos de recaudación de fondos de las regiones, ciudades o grupos que contribuyeron a la compra de aviones utilizados por estos escuadrones, 129 se llamó Mysore, 125 Newfoundland y 247 China British. Algunos escuadrones son más famosos por sus apodos que por sus nombres reales, 74sqn es un ejemplo de ello, oficialmente se llamaron Trinidad después de una presentación de Spitfires por la isla en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, pero son más conocidos como escuadrón Tigre.

Muchos escuadrones tienen insignias y lemas oficiales, algunos tienen lemas no oficiales. La insignia básica del escuadrón de la RAF es la misma para todos los escuadrones, un aro en Air Force Blue coronado por una corona. El número de escuadrón está a ambos lados del círculo en las posiciones 900 y 2700, las palabras Royal Air Force aparecen en la mitad inferior y Squadron en la mitad superior. Un lema aparece debajo de esto en un pergamino. El lema puede estar en cualquier idioma, el latín es habitual, es decir, 202sqn "Semper Vigilante", (Estar siempre alerta), algunos lo tienen en inglés, 74sqn "I Fear No Man", y otros idiomas, maorí para 75sqn "Ake Ake Kia Kaha" (Por los siglos de los siglos sé fuerte), o en holandés, "Niet praten maar doen" (Acciones, no palabras) indicando sus orígenes.Los escuadrones polacos no siguieron esta convención teniendo sus propias insignias.

Ciertos números de escuadrones son famosos, 617, siendo los Dambusters probablemente el ejemplo más famoso, otros, como el 633, son completamente ficticios.

Serie numérica
Las series de números se encuentran en la siguiente tabla con una breve explicación del tipo de escuadrón en su caso.

Serie de números Operador Notas
1 – 149 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Anteriormente escuadrones del Royal Flying Corps
150 - 199 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Formado después de la formación de la RAF.
200 – 299 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Anteriormente Royal Naval Air Service
300 - 352 Escuadrones se formaron a partir de pilotos exiliados que habían escapado principalmente de la Europa ocupada.
300 – 309 Escuadrones polacos Los pilotos del equipo de combate polaco en el norte de África se adjuntaron a 145 sqn
315 - 318 Escuadrones polacos
310 - 314 Escuadrones checos 314 no se usó
320 – 325 Escuadrones holandeses 323 - 325 no utilizado durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial pero por la posguerra de RNethAF
326 – 329
340 - 347
Escuadrones franceses
330 - 334 Escuadrones noruegos Todavía operativo con RNoAF. Los números 335 - 339 también se usaron después de la guerra.
335 - 336 Escuadrones griegos Todavía operativo como 335 y amp 336 Bomber Squadrons Hellenic AF
337 – 339 348 Nunca formado
349 y 350 Escuadrones belgas Todavía operativo con la AF belga
351 y 352 Escuadrones yugoslavos Formó el 1er Regimiento de Cazas de la AF Yugoslava de posguerra.
353 – 358 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Todo en el Comando del Sudeste Asiático
361 y 362 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Escuadrones de posguerra
359, 362 - 399 Nunca formado
Los siguientes escuadrones, 400 - 499, se formaron bajo el Artículo XV del Plan de Entrenamiento Aéreo de la Commonwealth Británica para servir bajo el control de la RAF
400 - 443 Real Fuerza Aérea Canadiense Utilizado por la posguerra de la RCAF
444 -449 Nunca se formó como escuadrones de guerra Utilizado por la posguerra de la RCAF
450 - 467 Real Fuerza Aérea Australiana No utilizado en la posguerra por la RAAF
468 - 484 Nunca formado
485 - 490 Real Fuerza Aérea de Nueva Zelanda No utilizado en la posguerra por la RNZAF
491 - 499 Nunca formado
Royal Auxiliary Air Force y escuadrones regulares de la RAF
500 – 504 Real Fuerza Aérea Auxiliar Escuadrones de reserva originalmente especiales
505 - 509 Nunca formado
510 – 550 fuerza Aérea Royal
551 – 566 Nunca formado Debían ser números de la Unidad de Entrenamiento Operativo con 500 agregados a la OTU pero nunca usados
567 - 599 fuerza Aérea Royal 599 Nunca formado
600 - 616 Real Fuerza Aérea Auxiliar 606 (Chiltern) nunca se usó
617 - 650 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF 629, 632-634, 636-638 y 645-649 nunca formados
651 – 666 AOP (Puesto de observación aérea) Números transferidos al Army Air Corps excepto 661 - 664 y amp 666 que eran escuadrones RAuxAF
667 - 699 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF 693, 694, 696 - 699 nunca formado
900 - 999 Escuadrones regulares de la RAF Defensa aérea con globo y amplificador
1435 RAF Único en el sentido de que se trataba de una nueva numeración del vuelo 1435 que prestaba servicios en Italia y, como tal, se destaca por sí solo.
Fleet Air Arm
700 – 799 Fleet Air Arm Escuadrones de entrenamiento y apoyo
800 – 899 Fleet Air Arm Escuadrones operativos de portaaviones y terrestres
1800 - 1899 Fleet Air Arm Se usa cuando se agotan las series 700 y amp 800. Algunos duraron solo unas pocas semanas
1900 - 1999 Fleet Air Arm

Como puede ver, es una cacofonía de números mezclados por las necesidades de la guerra y los orígenes de la RAF.

Además de esto, hay innumerables escuadrones como las Unidades de Conversión Operacional, las unidades de prueba y los Escuadrones Aéreos Universitarios, que son donde los estudiantes universitarios pueden aprender a volar mientras aún estudian, muchos de los cuales continúan sus carreras en la RAF. El Oxford UAS, por ejemplo, alimentó a varios pilotos experimentados a la RAF antes y durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.


Cuadro de honor de la RAF y las Fuerzas Aéreas de la Commonwealth: el proyecto de aviadores no contabilizados

Esta es una base de datos de todas las bajas de las fuerzas aéreas de la Commonwealth en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Los datos primarios se toman del sitio CWGC y se han mejorado con los datos de AIR81 de los Archivos Nacionales y el Proyecto de Aviadores y Aviadoras No Contabilizados que fue iniciado por el difunto Henk Weltingy continuado por los miembros del foro. Este sitio le ayuda a buscar fácilmente una víctima en función del nombre o número parcial, la fecha exacta o el año de la muerte, proporcionar la aeronave asociada con la víctima o los detalles. Haga clic en Apellido para ver más detalles y fuentes.

Los datos se alimentan continuamente en algunos gráficos gráficos: vea algunos de los gráficos aquí

Vuelven los términos de su consulta actual 122434 registros, 115837 records (94.61%) have circumstances of death. 6597 records (5.39%) do not have details.

RangoName, Number, Trade & DetailsFechaUnidadPaísCemetery/Memorial & Loc Ref
Aircraftman 2nd ClassFrank Aston BOWYER (641028) Forum Post 1939-09-03
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeorge William HART (350110) Forum Post 1939-09-03
Aircraftman 1st ClassPhilip Herbert WARREN (561954) More Details 1939-09-03
Oficial pilotoEllard Alexander CUMMINGS (40803) Pilot Wallace II K6028 AIR81/4749 1939-09-03
Leading AircraftmanAlexander Ronald Renfrew STEWART (521250) Wallace II K6028 AIR81/4749 1939-09-03
Oficial pilotoJohn Noel Laughton ISAAC (90721) Blenheim I L1164 AIR81/4747 1939-09-03AIR27
Leading AircraftmanGeoffrey SLADE (524194) Forum Post 1939-09-04
Aircraftman 1st ClassJohn Joseph WALSH (233835) Forum Post 1939-09-04
Teniente de aviaciónWilliam Frank BARTON (34213) Pilot Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
CorporalJames Leslie RICKETTS (519859) Wireless Op Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Oficial pilotoWilliam Joseph MURPHY (39748) Pilot Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoLeslie Robert WARD (564477) Pilot Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoOwen Lobb Dunkirk HOWELLS (564670) Pilot Blenheim IV N6189 Forum Post 1939-09-04AIR27
Oficial de vueloHerbert Brian LIGHTOLLER (37884) Pilot Blenheim IV N6189 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoAlbert Stanley PRINCE (580195) Pilot Blenheim IV N6240 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassEdward PATEMAN (548974) Wireless Op Blenheim IV N6188 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassErnest William LYON (546679) U/T Wireles Blenheim IV N6189 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Oficial de vueloHenry Lovell EMDEN (36138) Pilot Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassRalph EVANS (537187) U/T Wireles Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoStanley George Mckenna OTTY (509143) Observer Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassThomas THOMSON (621153) Forum Post 1939-09-04AIR27
Oficial de vueloEarl Douglas GODFREY (39167) Pilot Hudson I N7239 AIR81/1501 1939-09-04AIR27
Teniente de aviaciónGuy Percy ROBINSON (33282) Pilot Hudson I N7239 AIR81/1501 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoRaymond Charles GROSSEY (516460) Blenheim IV N6199 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Oficial de vueloJohn Frederick ROSS (39340) Navigator Blenheim IV N6184 NA/PRO 1939-09-04AIR27
Sargento de vueloIan Edward Maitland BORLEY (365199) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Leading AircraftmanHarry DORE (531093) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassRobert HENDERSON (618765) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Sargento de vueloGeorge MILLER (580160) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
CorporalGeorge William PARK (524855) Wellington I L4268 AIR81/4 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 2nd ClassKenneth George DAY (549741) Wireless Op Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoDonald Edward JARVIS (565602) Pilot Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Sargento de vueloAlbion John TURNER (561939) Pilot Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeorge Thomas BROCKING (546065) Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
SargentoBertie Greville WALTON (550292) Wellington I L4275 AIR81/2 Ext Link 1939-09-04AIR27
Pupil PilotJames Healy CAVANAGH () Forum Post 1939-09-05
Pupil PilotJohn Whitford HADLEY () Forum Post 1939-09-05
Oficial de vueloArnold Victor DOLPHIN () Wirraway A20-5 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
CorporalHarold William JOHNSON (1727) Wirraway A20-5 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
Leading AircraftmanJohn QUILTER (524808) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassGeoffrey SHEFFIELD (552231) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
AlférezDerrick TYLER (P/3434) Hurricane I SAAF 275 Forum Post 1939-09-05AIR27
Oficial pilotoAnthony Richard PLAYFAIR (39679) Pilot Hampden I L4161 AIR81/1492 1939-09-05AIR27 HESLOP (566050) Anson I K6183 AIR81/3 1939-09-05AIR27
Aircraftman 1st ClassFrederick William WANSTALL (547434) Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Oficial pilotoMontagu Leslie HULTON-HARROP (40116) Pilot Hurricane I L1985 Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Oficial pilotoDouglas George Brenchin PATON (40315) Pilot Spitfire Ia K9986 Forum Post 1939-09-06AIR27
Leading AircraftmanJohn MUSGRAVE () Wireless Op Forum Post 1939-09-07
Leading AircraftmanJohn Lawrence CALPIN (531154) Hudson I N7247 Forum Post 1939-09-07AIR27
Oficial de vueloHarry Dale GREEN (39155) Hudson I N7247 Forum Post 1939-09-07AIR27

We acknowledge that the data compiled here comes from multiple sources. National Archive ORBs (links given) and other external websites. Even for external websites - it is quite likely that they refer to published material on RAF history and losses. Some of these books/authors are acknowledged in our Essential RAF Researchers Book List. These Authors include (But not limited to) Bill Chorley, Colin Cummings, David Gunby, J J Halley,Ross McNeill and Pelham Temple. Additionally, the data on this site could not have been made possible without the serious contribution and help of the following websites. International Bomber Command Centre | Malcolm Barrass' RAFWEB : Air of Authority | National Archives (UK) | Air Crew Remembered | Jagan Pillarisetti's Bharat-Rakshak.


The Immense G-Forces Pulled the Blood From Tobin’s Brain, Causing Him to Black Out in the Cockpit

Shortly after shooting down his first enemy aircraft, another Me-110 presented itself. For the second time, Tobin pushed the throttle full forward and closed for the attack. When he was within range, about 100 yards away, he held his gunsight on the enemy’s engine and pressed the firing button.

The Messerschmitt took many hits and began to lose altitude. Tobin dove after him. When the Messerschmitt leveled off, Tobin pulled back sharply on his control column to stay with the fighter—too sharply. G forces pulled the blood from his brain, and Tobin blacked out “colder than a clam,” to use his own description. His Spitfire stalled and spun out of control. When he woke up, Tobin was only 1,000 feet above the Channel.

Although Tobin came close to shooting down the second Messerschmitt, he did not complain. He knew that he might have splattered himself all over the English Channel. When he returned to base, he expected to get a severe reprimand from Squadron Leader Darley. Instead, Darley and everyone else in 609 Squadron were very glad to see Tobin. They had watched him spinning toward the Channel and thought he had crashed.

Tobin was in the air nearly every day from late August to mid-September, which saw some of the hardest fighting of the battle. The climax came on September 15, when hundreds of Spitfires and Hurricanes, almost 200 over London alone, intercepted roughly 200 German bombers and over 400 fighters. The resulting engagement has been referred to as the greatest air battle of all time and has been celebrated in Britain ever since as Battle of Britain Day.

On the 15th, Tobin’s day began before dawn when he was rudely awakened by a squadron mate. He was annoyed at having his sleep interrupted and wanted to know why the hell he should get out of bed when it was not even daylight. “I’m not quite sure, old boy,” came the reply. “They say there’s an invasion on or something.” Tobin was more impressed by the tone of the reply than by the news itself.

Tobin and the rest of 609 Squadron were not scrambled until later in the morning, when they were sent over London to intercept an incoming raid. He could see about 100 German aircraft approaching from the south, about 50 Me-109s above, 25 Dorniers below, and another group of 25 bombers in the distance.

As one aviator is strapped into the cockpit of his Hawker Hurricane fighter, other pilots of the Eagle Squadron dash to the aircraft as an alarm is sounded during the Battle of Britain.

As junior man in his flight, Tobin was “tailend Charlie” again, weaving to protect the tails of the flight leader and his wingman. When his section was preparing to drop on the Dorniers below, Tobin heard his leader call, “Okay, Charlie, come on in.” Before he joined up, Tobin took one last look around and saw three yellow-nosed Me-109s closing in from behind.

He screamed into the microphone, “Danger, red section! Danger! Danger! Danger! Danger!” and throttled back to put his Spitfire into a 360-degree turn. The German pilots were not able to slow down from their dive and shot past Tobin. He fired at the last Messerschmitt that went past and saw smoke trail from it as all three of the fighters disappeared.

By this time, Tobin was all alone, and his height was down to about 8,000 feet. He began climbing again. When he reached 10,000 feet, he saw a single Dornier Do-215 bomber. The German pilot saw Tobin at about the same time and headed for a cloud bank. Tobin dove after the bomber, trying to cut it off before it could reach safety.

Tobin closed with the bomber before it could get to the cover of the cloud bank and pressed the firing button. The Dornier’s port aileron instantly became perforated with bullet holes, and the port engine began to smoke. “I followed it down and saw a Dornier 215 make a crash landing two or three miles east of Biggin Hill,” Tobin said. “Three of the crew got out and sat on the wing.”

Pilot Officer Tobin had another confirmed kill to his credit, as well as another Me-109 damaged. Also, he remembered not to pull the control stick too sharply and did not knock himself out with excessive G forces. Along with Shorty Keough and Andy Mamedoff, he was learning.


Subject Index: RAF and Commonwealth Squadrons - History

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RAF-Lincolnshire.info is dedicated to preserving the memory of all those Lincolnshire locations associated with military aviation and those who served on them. We aim to honour the heritage and legacy of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force units and squadrons based in Bomber County.

You will find summary histories of airfields and other locations, and of squadrons and other formations. Use the map to the left for quick navigation to stations. You can follow units as they move from station to station as these pages are all inter-linked. There are pages for the memorials to units based at Lincolnshire stations, photographs of stations and details of aviation museums. This site grows through visitors' contributions - see the 'thankyous' page for details of some of our helpers.

Although we focus on World War II we span the history of the RAF and its military aviation precursors from the dawn of manned military aviation to the present day. Ver el historia page for an overview.

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Contenido

Formation, 1912 [ edit | editar fuente]

The RAAF traces its history back to the Imperial Conference held in London in 1911, where it was decided aviation should be developed within the armed forces of the British Empire. Australia implemented this decision, the only country to do so, by approving the establishment of the Central Flying School at Point Cook, Victoria on 22 October 1912. Γ] The RAAF was the second air force to be officially formed. & # 916 & # 93

First World War [ edit | editar fuente]

Soon after the outbreak of war in 1914, the Australian Flying Corps sent aircraft to assist in capturing German colonies in what is now north-east New Guinea. However, these colonies surrendered quickly, before the planes were even unpacked. The first operational flights did not occur until 27 May 1915, when the Mesopotamian Half Flight was called upon to assist the Indian Army in protecting British oil interests in what is now Iraq. & # 917 & # 93

The corps later saw action in Egypt, Palestine and on the Western Front throughout the remainder of the First World War. By the end of the war, four squadrons had seen operational service, while another four training squadrons had also been established. A total of 460 officers and 2,234 other ranks served in the AFC, whilst another 200 men served as aircrew in the British flying services. Ζ] Casualties included 175 dead, 111 wounded, 6 gassed and 40 captured. & # 919 & # 93

Inter-war period [ edit | editar fuente]

The Australian Flying Corps remained part of the Australian Army until 1919, when it was disbanded along with the First Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Although the Central Flying School continued to operate at Point Cook, military flying virtually ceased until 1920, when the Australian Air Corps was formed. The Australian Air Force was formed on 31 March 1921. King George V approved the prefix "Royal" in June 1921 and became effective on 31 August 1921. The RAAF then became the second Royal air arm to be formed in the British Commonwealth, following the British Royal Air Force. When formed the RAAF had more aircraft than personnel, with 21 officers and 128 other ranks and 153 aircraft. ⎖]

Second World War [ edit | editar fuente]

Europe and the Mediterranean [ edit | editar fuente]

In September 1939 the RAAF's Air Board directly controlled the Air Force via RAAF Station Laverton, RAAF Station Richmond, RAAF Station Pearce, No. 1 Flying Training School RAAF at Point Cook, RAAF Station Rathmines and five smaller units. ⎗]

In 1939, just after the outbreak of the Second World War, Australia joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, under which flight crews received basic training in Australia before travelling to Canada for advanced training. A total of 19 RAAF bomber, fighter, reconnaissance and other squadrons served initially in Britain, and/or with the Desert Air Force located in North Africa and the Mediterranean. About nine percent of the personnel who served under British RAF commands in Europe and the Mediterranean were RAAF personnel. ⎘]

With British manufacturing targeted by the German Luftwaffe, the Australian government created the Department of Aircraft Production (DAP later known as the Government Aircraft Factory) to supply Commonwealth air forces. & # 91 cita necesaria ] and the RAAF was eventually provided with large numbers of locally built versions of British designs such as the DAP Beaufort torpedo bomber, Beaufighters and Mosquitos, as well as other types such as Wirraways, Boomerangs, and Mustangs. ⎙] In the European theatre of the war, RAAF personnel were especially notable in RAF Bomber Command: although they represented just two percent of all Australian enlistments during the war, they accounted for almost twenty percent of those killed in action. This statistic is further illustrated by the fact that No. 460 Squadron RAAF, mostly flying Avro Lancasters, had an official establishment of about 200 aircrew and yet had 1,018 combat deaths. The squadron was therefore effectively wiped out five times over. ⎚] Total RAAF casualties in Europe were 5,488 killed or missing. & # 9113 & # 93

Pacific War [ edit | editar fuente]

Brewster Buffalo fighters, flown by many RAAF fighter pilots in the Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies campaigns, as seen here being inspected at RAF Sembawang, Singapore.

The beginning of the Pacific War—and the rapid advance of Japan forces—threatened the Australian mainland for the first time. The RAAF was quite unprepared for the emergency, and initially had negligible forces available for service in the Pacific. In 1941 and early 1942, many RAAF airmen, including 21 and 453 Squadrons, saw action with the RAF Far East Command in the Malayan, Singapore and Dutch East Indies campaigns. Allied fighter pilots, in particular, performed well in the campaign, despite being outnumbered and the fact that many were allocated sub-standard examples of the Brewster Buffalo. & # 91 cita necesaria ]

The devastating air raids on Darwin on 19 February 1942 drove the point home. Some RAAF squadrons were transferred from the northern hemisphere—although a substantial number remained there until the end of the war. Shortages of fighter and ground attack planes led to the acquisition of US-built P-40 Kittyhawks and the rapid design and manufacture of the first Australian fighter, the CAC Boomerang. RAAF Kittyhawks came to play a crucial role in the New Guinea and Solomon Islands campaigns, especially in operations like the Battle of Milne Bay. As a response to a possible Japanese chemical warfare threat the RAAF imported hundreds of thousands of chemical weapons into Australia. & # 9115 & # 93

RAAF volunteers from Brisbane leaving for training

In the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, imported Bristol Beaufighters proved to be highly effective ground attack and maritime strike aircraft. Beaufighters were later made locally by the DAP. Although it was much bigger than Japanese fighters, the Beaufighter had the speed to outrun them. The RAAF's heavy bomber force was predominantly 287 B-24 Liberators, which could bomb Japanese targets as far away as Borneo and the Philippines from airfields in Australia and New Guinea. By late 1945, the RAAF had received or ordered about 500 P-51 Mustangs, for fighter/ground attack purposes. The Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation initially assembled US-made Mustangs, but later manufactured most of those used. & # 91 cita necesaria ] The RAAF's main operational formation, the First Tactical Air Force, comprised more than 18,000 personnel and 20 squadrons it had taken part in the Philippines and Borneo campaigns and was scheduled to participate in the invasion of the Japanese mainland, Operation Downfall. So too were the RAAF bomber squadrons in Europe, as part of the proposed Tiger Force. However, the war was brought to a sudden end by the US nuclear attacks on Japan. As a result of the Empire Air Training Scheme, about 20,000 Australian personnel had served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe during the Second World War. & # 91 cita necesaria ] A total of 216,900 men and women served in the RAAF, of whom 10,562 were killed in action a total of 76 squadrons were formed. ⎜]

Service since 1945 [ edit | editar fuente]

During the Berlin Airlift, in 1948–1949, the RAAF Squadron Berlin Air Lift aided the international effort to fly in supplies to the stricken city two RAF York aircraft were also crewed by RAAF crews. Although a small part of the operation, the RAAF contribution was significant, flying 2,062 sorties and carrying 7,030 tons of freight and 6,964 passengers. & # 9117 & # 93

In the Korean War, from 1950–53, Mustangs from No. 77 Squadron RAAF, stationed in Japan with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, were among the first United Nations aircraft to be deployed, in ground support, combat air patrol, and escort missions. When the UN planes were confronted by MiG-15 jet fighters, 77 Sqn acquired Gloster Meteors, which enabled some success against the Soviet pilots flying for North Korea. However, the MiGs were superior aircraft and the Meteors were relegated to ground support missions, as the North Koreans gained experience. The air force also operated transport aircraft during the conflict. No. 77 Squadron flew 18,872 sorties, claiming the destruction of 3,700 buildings, 1,408 vehicles, 16 bridges, 98 railway carriages and an unknown number of enemy personnel. Three MiG-15s were confirmed destroyed, and two others probably destroyed. RAAF casualties included 41 killed and seven captured 66 aircraft – 22 Mustangs and 44 Meteors – were lost. & # 9118 & # 93

Two RAAF Mirage III fighters in 1980

In 1953, a Royal Air Force officer, Air Marshal Sir Donald Hardman, was brought out to Australia to become Chief of the Air Staff. ⎟] He reorganised the RAAF into three commands: Home Command, Maintenance Command, and RAAF Training Command. Five years later the commands were reorganised as Operational Command and RAAF Support Command. Support Command was made responsible for initial training, supply, administration and distribution of all aircraft, stores, and equipment, for maintenance, repair, and other administration. & # 91 cita necesaria ] In the Malayan Emergency, from 1950–1960, six Lincolns from No. 1 Squadron RAAF and a flight of Dakotas from No. 38 Squadron RAAF took part in operations against the communist guerrillas (labelled as "Communist Terrorists" by the British authorities) as part of the RAF Far East Air Force. The Dakotas were used on cargo runs, in troop movement and in paratroop and leaflet drops within Malaya. The Lincolns, operating from bases in Singapore and from Kuala Lumpur, formed the backbone of the air war against the CTs, conducting bombing missions against their jungle bases. Although results were often difficult to assess, they allowed the government to harass CT forces, attack their base camps when identified and keep them on the move. Later, in 1958, Canberra bombers from No. 2 Squadron RAAF were deployed to Malaya and took part in bombing missions against the CTs. & # 9120 & # 93

During the Vietnam War, from 1964–72, the RAAF contributed squadrons of Caribou STOL transport aircraft (RAAF Transport Flight Vietnam, later No. 35 Squadron RAAF), UH-1 Iroquois helicopters (No. 9 Squadron RAAF) and English Electric Canberra bombers (No. 2 Squadron RAAF). The Canberras flew 11,963 bombing sorties, and two aircraft were lost. One went missing during a bombing raid. The wreckage of the aircraft was recovered in April 2009, and the remains of Flying Officer Michael Herbert and Pilot Officer Robert Carver were found in late July 2009. The other was shot down by a surface to air missile, although both crew were rescued. They dropped 76,389 bombs and were credited with 786 enemy personnel confirmed killed and a further 3,390 estimated killed, 8,637 structures, 15,568 bunkers, 1,267 sampans and 74 bridges destroyed. ⎡] RAAF transport aircraft also supported anti-communist ground forces. The UH-1 helicopters were used in many roles including medical evacuation and close air support. RAAF casualties in Vietnam included six killed in action, eight non-battle fatalities, 30 wounded in action and 30 injured. & # 9122 & # 93

Military airlifts were conducted for a number of purposes in the intervening decades, such as the peacekeeping operations in East Timor from 1999. Australia's combat aircraft were not used again in combat until the Iraq War in 2003, when 14 F/A-18s from No. 75 Squadron RAAF operated in the escort and ground attack roles, flying a total of 350 sorties and dropping 122 laser-guided bombs. Since August 2007, a detachment of No. 114 Mobile Control and Reporting Unit RAAF has been on active service at Kandahar Airfield in southern Afghanistan. Approximately 75 personnel deployed with the AN/TPS-77 radar assigned the responsibility to co-ordinate coalition air operations. & # 9123 & # 93


Subject Index: RAF and Commonwealth Squadrons - History

The following notes have largely been compiled from the recollections of ex-members of 367 Signals Unit, supplemented with information now available from the National Archives, Kew.

History of 367 Signals Unit, Royal Air Force

Information from some of our oldest ex-members indicated that the Unit began life in late 1942 as 367 Wireless Unit, based at Newbold Revell near Rugby. The trained operators left the U.K. in January 1943 sailing from Liverpool for Cape Town as part of a large convoy aboard The Duchess of Richmond . After a couple of months in Cape Town, they embarked for Bombay on board HMT Dilwara .

Draft 4663 arrived at Worli, Bombay on the 18th March 1943. After a short stay at Worli Camp, they made the 6-day train journey to Calcutta, stopping briefly in transit at St. James' School, Howrah, en route for villas at Ballygunge. Operations commenced as 367 Wireless Unit based in tents on the Chindwin River and some operators ended up at Rangoon in Burma. 367 WU was joined by 368 WU in May 1943, and together with 355 WU formed the valuable WU Link monitoring Japanese military activity in the Kohima and Imphal regions of northeast India, bordering on Burma, prior to the sieges of those two towns . The Unit was recorded as operational at Chittagong on 24th July 1943.

There were probably three mobile D/F Units operating in Burma supporting the main intercept station in Ceylon. 367 WU combined with 368 Wireless Unit at some point.

The units were part of the UK's military signals intelligence (Sigint) set-up, more popularly known as the 'Y' Service

In 1945, 367 and 368 Wireless Units moved from Burma to Hong Kong, with operations and billets at Wang Fung Terrace, Tai Hang (Happy Valley)

Aerial photographs taken by the RAF in 1945 show that a military building existed at Little Sai Wan (Hong Kong) at that time and was fairly certainly of pre-war origin. It is now believed that this was a signals station operated by the Army, most probably the Royal Signals. However, an RAF Signals presence at the site in late 1941, comprising one officer, Flt Lt. Hector (Dolly) Gray, the Signals Officer from RAF Kai Tak and several other ranks is recorded in the diary of Squadron Leader Donald Hill - see Dr Philip Aston's web-site relating to "Russell's Mathematical Tables" - entry for Saturday, 13th December 1941. The aerial photographs are now held by the Map Publications Centre, Lands Department, North Point, Hong Kong.

Based on the aerial photograph taken in 1945, it is believed that, during the period of the Japanese occupation, the site at Little Sai Wan was used by the Japanese for their own radio communications activities.

In 1946, 367 and 368 Wireless Units merged to become 367 Signals Unit, and in late 1948, operations moved to Tai Po Tsai with billets at Kai Tak

In 1950, the first members of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) joined the unit with temporary billets at Lye Mun, and in July 1951, operations began at Little Sai Wan alongside the existing unit at Tai Po Tsai, and billets were established at Cape Collinson.

In 1952, 367SU linguists were operating from Batty's Belvedere atop The Peak, with billets at Lye Mun, but in the Spring of 1953, all billets moved to RAF Little Sai Wan

The unit insignia was designated in July 1953 - 'Out of water barry wavy argent/azure a rock proper (grey) thereon a double headed dragon passant Or' with the motto 'Nihil celerius' - nothing swifter. The rock on water symbolises the location of the unit - Hong Kong - at the time of the award in 1953. The double headed dragon is also associated with the area and is symbolic of watchfulness.

Between 1953 and 1958, Little Sai Wan was developed as a fully integrated operational and residential site, with all the facilities of a non-flying RAF camp. There were operational outstations at RAF Kong Wei (in the then New Territories) and RAF Detachment Labuan (in then British North Borneo). Also in 1958, the first MOD civilian operators commenced work at Little Sai Wan and Batty's Belvedere.

In January and February, 1962, the remaining RAF personnel of 367 Signals Unit were re-billeted at Kai Tak. The Little Sai Wan base was taken over by civilians as 'Composite Signals Organization, Little Sai Wan' - part of GCHQ.

In May, 1980, penetration of Little Sai Wan by hostile agents was alleged in the book 'GCHQ: The Negative Asset' by former civilian operator, Jock Kane. His book became the subject of a High Court injunction in May, 1984, effectively preventing its publication in England (see p.353 'GCHQ: The Secret Wireless War 1900 - 1986' by Nigel West)

In 1982, the Composite Signals Organisation moved from Little Sai Wan to Chung Hom Kok, west of Stanley, and the buildings at Little Sai Wan were used by a variety of Government organizations, including the Fire Training School. In early 1987, the base was used as a temporary camp for Vietnamese boat refugees, and further land reclamation for the building of a new housing scheme was underway.

Finally, in 1988, the RAF buildings at Little Sai Wan were demolished.

The land has now been redeveloped as the community of Siu Sai Wan , although some remnants of the previous occupation can still be found on the hillside above the area.

To see many photos taken by members of 367SU and others, relating to Hong Kong and RAF Little Sai Wan, follow this link:

If any ex-member of 367 Signals Unit, RAF, would like to share memories of their time in Hong Kong and at RAF Little Sai Wan or any of the outstations, they can use the Gwulo 'Comments' link at:

The 367 Association was formally wound up on October 13th, 2018 A service of Dedication for a replacement floor tile recording the existence of 367 Signals Unit, Royal Air Force, was held at St Clement Danes Church in The Strand, London, on October 12th, 2018

Photos from this event can be viewed at:

Here's a link to an interesting video about the early days of wireless intercept:

75th Anniversary of VJ Day, 15th August 2020

During the excellent BBC coverage of this event centred on the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire, there were brief film clips shown of wreath laying at various Commonwealth War Graves around the world. The extensive site at Sai Wan featured. In the later evening programme presented by Joanna Lumley, a lady who was interned at Stanley as a child, gave a very stark description of life as an internee.

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For more information about 367SU or the 367 Association, contact the Webmaster


Rastros de la Segunda Guerra Mundial Royal Air Force - No. 7 Squadron 01/01/1940 - 30/06/1940

In the spring of 1938 No.7 received its first modern monoplanes, the Whitley I. These were replaced by Whitley IIIs in late 1938, but during April/May, 1939, the squadron was re-armed yet again - this time with Handley Page Hampdens.

When the Second World War broke out the squadron was at Doncaster and engaged in training crews to operational standard for No.5 Group. It moved back to Finningley and then to Upper Heyford (No.6 Training Group) during the third and fourth weeks of September 1939, and in April, 1940, lost its identity when it was absorbed into No.16 OTU. It re-formed at Finningley at the end of April - again as a Hampden bomber squadron - but was disbanded three weeks later.

Re-formed again in August 1940, at Leeming, No.7 became the first squadron in Bomber Command to have four-engined bombers, and by early 1941 had moved to Oakington and was ready to begin operations with its new Short Stirlings. On the night of 10/11th February 1941, No.7 made its first bombing attack with the Stirlings - on oil storage tanks at Rotterdam - and just over two months later paid its first visit to Berlin. Among other early targets were Brest, Rotterdam, Emden (this was the target when the squadron made its first daylight raid, on 28th April), Hamburg and Mannheim. In 1942 minelaying was added to the squadron's duties and in May and June its Stirlings took part in the 1,000-bomber raids on Cologne, Essen and Bremen. Later that year it was one of the five squadrons selected to form the nucleus of the Pathfinder Force.

Losses 01/01/1940 - 30/06/1940

01/01/1940: Training, UK. 1 a/c lost, 3 KIA, 1 WIA

01/01/1940: Training, UK

Escribe:
Hampden I
Número de serie: P1260, MG-?
Operación: daytime cross country navigation exercise
Perdido: 01/01/1940
Pilot Officer (Pilot) Horace M. MacGregor, RAF 41855, 7 Sqdn., age 19, 01/01/1940, Harrow (Pinner) New Cemetery, UK
Sergeant [Navigator] Robert J. Bailey, RAF 581258, 7 Sqdn., age 19, 01/01/1940, Boldon (Whitburn) Cemetery, UK
Sergeant (W.Op.) Thomas O. Dennis, RAF 518112, 7 Sqdn., age 28, 01/01/1940, Birkenhead (Flaybrick Hill) Cemetery, UK
Corporal (W.Op./Air Gunner) Ted Brightmore - injured.
From: Peak District Air Crashes and BBC's WW2 Peoples War: 'The crew of P1260 were on a daytime cross country navigation exercise from RAF Upper Heyford, they flew to Blackpool and then out over the Irish Sea. The weather over the sea was poor and the crew became lost in low cloud and snow. Corporal Brightmore was in the process of winding out the trailing aerial so the crew could make contact with an RAF station to get a fix on their location when the aircraft ploughed into Snaefell and burst into flames.'

"I remember a terrific thump and tearing sound, being drenched in petrol, a big explosion, rolling into some snow which must have put on my personal fire and saved my life."
- Cpl. Ted Brightmore (in a 1990 letter to Harry Jacobson)

'Corporal Brightmore was flung from the wreck as it broke up but received fairly serious burns, he staggered do the hill eventually reaching a cottage in Sulby Glen. He was treated in Ramsey for three months before being transferred back to Upper Heyford where he was placed on non-flying duties.'

See Hampden Mk.I P1260 for pictures of the crash site circa anno 2000

Fuentes: CWGC and Peak District Air Accident Research

apoyo

David Clark 'A-Apple'
Peter D. Cornwell, The Battle of France, Then and Now, 2008
Docherty 'No. 7 Bomber Squadron RAF in World War 2' (2007)
R Edwards DSO 'In the thick of it- autobiography of a bomber pilot' (Images Publishing 1994)
T G Mahaddie 'Hamish' (Autobiographical Stirlings 1942) (Ian Allen 1989)
Chris Ward '7 Squadron' (Bomber Command Profile no. 1)
West 'Nothing heard after take off: a short history of 7 squadron 1914-74' (West 1974)



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